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      Significant achievements in the construction of the “Belt and Road” Initiative

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      Significant achievements in the construction of the “Belt and Road” Initiative

      Release date:2019-11-22 00:00 Source:http://www.sxjbzy.com Click:

      Since General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed the "Belt and Road" strategy, the imbalance in global economic development has gradually manifested, the world structure has gradually changed, the United States has withdrawn from the TPP agreement (that is, the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement), and has instead sent the "Belt and Road" United States The delegation, as a result, called the blocking of the "island chain" of China's economy.

      As the construction of the “Belt and Road Initiative” progresses, the achievements are fruitful. The “Belt and Road Initiative” International Cooperation Summit Forum held in Beijing in May 2017, the results list covers five major categories: policy communication, facilities connectivity, trade flow, financing and finance, and people ’s hearts. , A total of 76 major projects, more than 270 specific results.

       

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      Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

      Under the guidance of the "Five Links" goal (policy communication, facilities connectivity, trade unimpeded, finance and finance, and people-to-people connectivity), point-by-point, from line to film, aims to achieve an orderly and free flow of economic factors, efficient resource allocation and deep market integration. To promote the formation of "Belt and Road" regional cooperation. At present, the “Belt and Road” strategy is an important direction for China to go global and a development opportunity to promote industrial transformation and upgrading.

      From the perspective of implementation, the "Belt and Road" strategy has been deeply embedded in the national opening-up strategy.

      The "Belt and Road" strategy is the beginning of China's full integration into the global economy and its role as a mainstay in the global economy. The "Five Links" advocated by the "Belt and Road" strategy has gone beyond the scope of free trade agreements and investment in terms of content, not only trade and investment, but also extensively involved in civil aviation communications, inspection and quarantine, cultural exchanges, technological innovation, and news cooperation. And other fields.

      This has stimulated enthusiasm for investment and accelerated the "Belt and Road" investment. From 2014 to 2016, China's investment in countries along the "Belt and Road" has accumulated more than US $ 50 billion, and in the next five years, China's investment in the region is expected to reach US $ 150 billion. .

      At present, the “Belt and Road” strategy, as an open development strategy, is rooted in a new level of domestic industry. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate manufacturing into the “Belt and Road” construction and bring development opportunities for the further development of China's manufacturing industry.

      China's manufacturing industry is integrated into the “Belt and Road” construction. The first direction of work is to transfer excess capacity and turn the domestic heavy chemical industry's industrial burden into high-quality overseas capital.

      At present, China's industry has completed the industrial development path of technology introduction, digestion and absorption to independent innovation, and has formed the industry's international export capacity. At present, learning from the overseas investment experience of developed countries such as Japan, striving to rebuild "One China" overseas, speeding up the deployment of capital and labor-intensive industries to the "Belt and Road" region, transforming domestic excess industry projects into overseas industries, and thereby transforming China Industrial tentacles are extended to the world, which in turn helps the domestic industry to transform.

      From the perspective of industry, world-class development achievements have been made in many fields such as industrial raw materials, machinery, and construction engineering, and these fields are in a highly saturated and competitive state in China. With the advancement of the "Belt and Road" construction, Has become an important export destination for China's industries. At present, it is necessary to crack down the risk of overcapacity in the “Belt and Road” region.

      First, policy risks in investment and construction.

      Manufacturing projects are large in scale and have a long construction period. Attention should be paid to the political stability and policy coherence of the host country, especially for projects involving and dominated by state-owned enterprises, which also require the host government's high degree of approval and policy support. This is because most countries / regions along the “Belt and Road” are deeply trapped in the “wrestling field” of the big powers ’game, but internally there are multiple contradictions such as leadership transfer, democratization transition, and ethnic conflicts.

      Chinese manufacturing is integrated into the “Belt and Road” construction

      Previously, some international companies had project failures caused by host country policy changes when investing overseas. For example, South Korean steel company Posco quit its investment project with an annual capacity of 6 million tons in India ’s Karnataka state in July 2013. Due to frequent changes in local land policy and iron mining policy, the project was delayed for 8 years.

      Second, management risk in the operation.

      The multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, multi-language and multi-religious beliefs along the “Belt and Road” pose challenges to the company's ability to operate overseas projects. At this stage, companies investing in investment areas focus on resources, markets, direct costs, tax incentives, etc., they take into account the "soft environment" and lack experience in dealing with emergencies such as labor relations and religious issues.

      Third, environmental risks in the production process.

      At present, the relevant environmental protection legal systems in the areas along the “Belt and Road” are inadequate and the operating environment is yet to mature. The development environment and industrial level in most countries / regions are lower than those in China in about 2000. Therefore, enterprises should be alert to high-cost risks in the process of gradual improvement of environmental protection policies, to avoid the continuous upgrade of environmental protection facilities in China in recent years, and the phenomenon of environmental protection investment invading corporate profits.

      Secondly, the "Made in China 2025" and "Belt and Road" strategies should be docked with each other to promote high-end equipment.

      In recent years, China's manufacturing industry has reached a new level, and a number of star fields such as high-speed rail, nuclear power, engineering machinery, and high-end marine engineering have emerged. They have made rapid progress in aerospace, satellite communications, and other fields. Large domestic aircraft have successfully made their first flight. Beidou Satellite Positioning systems are being networked globally.

      "Made in China 2025" is an important weapon for China to build the international competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. It is an action program leading and implementing the strategy of manufacturing power. It includes the construction of manufacturing innovation centers, strengthening of basic engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, green manufacturing engineering and high-end Equipment innovation project. Through the implementation of the five major projects, China's manufacturing industry is in the forefront of the world, and the development of ten key areas , including information technology, high-end CNC lathes , and advanced rail transportation.

      The implementation of the "Made in China 2025" strategy has great potential in the "Belt and Road" region. It will promote international equipment manufacturing cooperation in various fields such as high-speed railways, aerospace, power equipment, and marine engineering, and strive for exports in the "Belt and Road" regions Marketing and co-production opportunities. For example, the “Belt and Road” regions urgently need to be upgraded and upgraded in terms of infrastructure level, mining resource extraction technology, and communication and interconnection technology.

      Speed up the search for cooperation opportunities along the “Belt and Road”

      At present, China's equipment companies must accelerate the search for “Belt and Road” cooperation opportunities, provide development space for the growing Chinese high-end equipment, thereby accelerating the adaptability and image of Chinese high-end equipment in the international market, and promote the production of Chinese products from products. Turn to technology export, and take a new step in the pattern of international industrial division of labor.

      Thirdly, China's mature experience should be grafted into the “Belt and Road” region, and industrial cooperation should be spurred by the park economy.

      Development experience shows that since China's reform and opening up, industrial parks have been an effective way to bring into play the scale effect of investment, attract capital, technology, talents, and information agglomeration, and realize the agglomeration, scale, and intensification of industrial development. According to statistics, as of March this year, Chinese enterprises have built 56 economic and trade cooperation industrial parks in 20 countries along the “Belt and Road”, with a cumulative investment of more than 18 billion U.S. dollars. At present, it is necessary to accelerate the construction of free trade zones in the “Belt and Road” region and establish overseas economic cooperation parks.

      From a policy perspective, we will speed up the construction of free trade zones with countries around the “Belt and Road”, encourage local governments and industrial parks in China and countries along the route to establish pilot industrial parks, and rely on the parks to export China's competitive products and industries.

      At the operational level, China's capital and technological advantages are combined with the urgent development requirements of the “Belt and Road” regional governments, and innovative foreign investment and cooperation methods are encouraged, through the construction of overseas economic cooperation parks and domestic demonstration parks.

      Therefore, referring to various development forms such as the construction mode of the Suzhou Industrial Park, we encourage China's industrial parks to "go global" from development concepts, management models, systems, mechanisms, and talent team building, and rely on national industrial parks along the "Belt and Road" to develop project cooperation. . In the end, the industrial chain should be laid out around the value chain and rely on the industrial chain to create a form of multinational industrial chain cooperation in the park economy.

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